Wellness: Diseases & Conditions
Does Ageism Exist in Cancer Care?
You have many things to enjoy about getting older. Maybe you’re retired and enjoying travel and hobbies and spending time with grandchildren. But you might also have issues related to aging that are difficult to contend with, such as increasing health problems.
As you get older, you're at greater risk of developing chronic health conditions, such as diabetes, heart disease, and even cancer. Although terrifying at any age, a cancer diagnosis is of special concern to older adults because of the question of ageism in cancer care.
Beating cancer is the first thing on your mind, and you trust your doctors to provide the best care and treatment available. But for older individuals, studies show that might not completely be the case.
Research on ageism
Older adults are less likely to be screened for cancer in the first place. And if they are diagnosed with cancer, it's less likely that their doctors will recommend treatment to cure the cancer. Clinical trials may be more difficult for older adults to enter, if these are offered at all.
A United Kingdom study on lung cancer patients found discrepancies in the cancer treatment of younger patients versus older patients. Although the study didn't determine exactly why this happens, researchers found that survival rates among older adults with lung cancer were much lower and that their cancers were managed differently than in younger cancer patients. For example, older adults received “active treatment” (treatment to try to cure the cancer) less often than younger patients. And people who were ages 75 and older were 16 percent more likely to die within six months of diagnosis than lung cancer patients under the age of 65.
Ageism in end-of-life and post-cancer
Ageism may extend into both the cancer survival period and to end-of-life. Older adults who do receive appropriate treatment and survive cancer are often left without help during the transition to life as a cancer survivor, when their mental and physical well-being and health are still at risk. And older adults may not get the same palliative and end-of-life care that younger cancer patients do.
Why the ageism?
Some doctors may think that older individuals simply can't make it through cancer treatment, which is demanding on even younger, healthier bodies—patients may lose weight, suffer extreme fatigue, and be at a much higher risk for infection. Infections can be much more dangerous in people undergoing cancer treatment and in older adults in particular because they are already more susceptible to experiencing major complications from conditions such as the flu or pneumonia.
Another concern in treating older cancer patients is that many have other health conditions that can complicate cancer treatment. Little research is available to guide doctors in determining the best course of treatment for older adults with cancer and arthritis, heart disease, diabetes, or other ailments.
Standing up for yourself
It's important that you feel involved in the decision-making process when it comes to your cancer treatment. You should feel comfortable with the ultimate decision, knowing that you had the best information possible available to you.