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Neurology and Neuroscience

Immune System Disorders

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Immune system disorders are conditions that arise when the body mistakenly views tissue in its own central nervous system as foreign and produces antibodies that attack the tissue. The causes of most immune system disorders are not well understood, but the symptoms can often be managed with medications.

Immune system disorders affecting the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) include:

Multiple sclerosis is the most common immune system disorder of the central nervous system, affecting about 500,000 people in the United States.

Certain other immune system disorders that affect the central nervous system are treated by infectious disease specialists (for example, chronic meningitis and encephalitis) or by rheumatologists (in the case of lupus).

NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital offers expert diagnosis and comprehensive care for people with immune-related neurological disorders. Neuroimmunologists take an aggressive approach to diagnosis, since correct and early identification of these disorders is very important in managing them effectively and maintaining patients' quality of life.

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