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Genioplasty

Genioplasty, a type of surgery done to reshape the chin, can have a strong effect on the aesthetic harmony of the face. Most people who decide to have genioplasty are seeking to balance the appearance of their facial features by enlarging their chin and increasing its projection on the face, though in some cases genioplasty is also done to make the chin smaller. It is not unusual for genioplasty to be done in combination with other surgical procedures to the face, such as orthognathic jaw surgery or rhinoplasty. Often, orthodontic procedures such as braces may also be recommended.

Treatment

There are basically two ways in which genioplasty can be done. One involves augmenting and reshaping the chin using special man-made materials, and the other involves repositioning the bone from the patient's own chin. In this latter type of genioplasty, the tip of the chin is cut from the lower jaw and physically moved forward. It is then reattached using small metal plates and pins. Your surgeon can discuss with you the benefits and risks for both these types of genioplasty in relation to your specific case.

The procedure itself takes approximately 1-2 hours, or more if it is done in combination with other orthognathic or facial reconstructive procedures, and is conducted under local or general anesthesia. Most often, genioplasty is done through an incision made on the inside of the mouth, and therefore leaves no visible scars. In some cases, an incision on the underside of the chin is used, in which case a small scar may remain.

In most cases, patients can go home the same day, after a short recovery period. The chin and sometimes the cheeks may be bruised for some days or weeks after the surgery, and patients will have to stick to a soft diet until the incision heals. Sometimes, patients experience a lingering numbness in the chin and lower lip for about two or three months after the surgery.

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